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Хофстеде Г. ., МакКрэй Р. Р.
Возвращаясь к обсуждению личности и культуры: связь личностных черт и культурных осей / Пер. с англ. В.В. Солодникова


Хофстеде Герт – почетный профессор организационной антропологии и международного менеджмента; соучредитель и сотрудник;  сотрудник
МакКрэй Роберт Р. – психолог-исследователь;  специалист по кросскультурным исследованиям; соавтор переработанного личностного опросника NEO

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Хофстеде Г. ., МакКрэй Р. Р. Возвращаясь к обсуждению личности и культуры: связь личностных черт и культурных осей / Пер. с англ. В.В. Солодникова // Социологический журнал. 2010. Том. 0. № 4. С. С. 9-41.

Рубрика:

ТЕОРИЯ И МЕТОДОЛОГИЯ

Аннотация:

Тема «личность и культура» была в центре внимания антропологии и психологии в первой половине ХХ в. Изучение этой темы было сосредоточено на традиционных, бесписьменных обществах и заимствовании многих понятий из психоанализа. В этой статье мы отмечаем, что независимые друг от друга разработки классификаций личностных черт и культурных ценностей с1980 г. создали новые возможности для изучения этой темы. С одной стороны, пятифакторная модель личности — универсальная валидная типология (личностных) черт. С другой стороны, исследование компанией IBM культурных осей (проведенное Хофстеде) представляет собой хорошо валидизированную операционализацию культурных различий, проявляющихся в доминирующих системах ценностей. При вторичном анализе недавно опубликованных данных по 33 странам средние значения по шкалам личностных черт значимо и существенно коррелировали с баллами культурных осей. Мы обсуждаем возможные объяснения этих связей с помощью среды и темперамента и предлагаем направления для дальнейшего изучения, включая проведение повторных, экспериментально-симуляционных, аккультурационных исследований, а также изучение того влияния, которое оказывает на жизнь людей взаимодействие (личностных) черт и культуры.

Ключевые слова:

культура и личность; личностные черты; пятифакторная модель; IBM-оси; системы ценностей; кросснациональные сравнения

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