Институт социологии
Федерального научно-исследовательского социологического центра
Российской академии наук

Osadchaya G., Kireev E., Kiseleva E., Chernikova A. The Adaptive Capacity Of Young Migrants From Kyrgyzstan In Moscow. Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 4. Pp. 112-125.



Osadchaya G., Kireev E., Kiseleva E., Chernikova A. The Adaptive Capacity Of Young Migrants From Kyrgyzstan In Moscow. Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 4. Pp. 112-125.
DOI 10.37178/ca-c.21.4.11
ISSN 1404-6091
РИНЦ: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47318437

Размещена на сайте: 12.01.22

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Osadchaya G., Kireev E., Kiseleva E., Chernikova A. The Adaptive Capacity Of Young Migrants From Kyrgyzstan In Moscow. Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 4. Pp. 112-125.
DOI: 10.37178/ca-c.21.4.11
Osadchaya G., Kireev E., Kiseleva E., Chernikova A. The Adaptive Capacity Of Young Migrants From Kyrgyzstan In Moscow. Central Asia and the Caucasus. 2021. Vol. 22. No. 4. Pp. 112-125.

Аннотация

The significant numbers of migrants from Kyrgyzstan in Moscow and the difficulties in adapting to the new conditions recorded by our research highlight the need to explore the adaptive capacity of young Kyrgyz. The lack of scientific knowledge about the potential adaptive capacities of different groups of young Kyrgyz hinders the creation of optimal conditions that would allow them to internalize norms, values, and rules of behavior, increases the potential for conflict in the Moscow community, makes the life of migrants less comfortable, and complicates integration processes in the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). The purpose of this study is to characterize the adaptive capacity of young people from Kyrgyzstan in Moscow that helps them fit into the social environment, allows them to overcome the discomfort caused by the contradictory social context and unfamiliar living conditions, and influences their success in the host community and their attitudes to integration. The analysis presented in this article rests on empirical data obtained from a structured interview with 823 migrants, citizens of Kyrgyzstan aged 17 to 30 years, conducted in 2020. The novelty of the study lies in a systemic examination and comprehensive assessment of the social adaptation capacity of this social community, because up to now publications on this topic have considered only some aspects of the phenomenon. In this article, “adaptive capacity” refers to the set of individual characteristics of migrants that ensures their inclusion into the host society, a change in previous norms and models of behavior, and the socialization of new behavior models emerging in the process of interaction between the individual and the new socio-cultural conditions of life and work as the synergistic effect of the relationship and interaction between the adaptive capacity of the individual and that of the environment. Its analysis is based on a description of expectations, perceptions, and social attitudes; the level of empathy, openness and complementarity with regard to the host community; and the degree of tolerance for people of other nationalities and identities. The article shows how migrants evaluate the adaptive capacity of the environment as resulting from coordinated, concerted, and friendly action by all stakeholders: government, employers, and local population. It also analyzes the associations that arise in connection with Russia. The study reveals the impact of migrants’ adaptive capacity on their attitudes to integration processes in the EAEU. It was shown that notions about the nature of the interaction between Muscovites and migrants that is necessary to harmonize the individual and the environment (assimilation, bicultural adaptation or separation) determine the depth and direction of the activities of young migrants and their assessments of concrete social reality, while their strategic preferences with regard to the cultural norms and values of other peoples determine the adaptation attitudes and strategies that largely characterize their adaptive capacity. These strategies are as follows: marginalization of young Kyrgyz in the Moscow community, complementarity, and internalization of dominant norms. The research conducted suggests the need for measures to improve interaction between migrants and the host society and provides grounds for the Eurasian Economic Commission and social institutions in Russia and Kyrgyzstan to develop measures designed to create conditions for adaptation, as well as to determine the appropriate instruments and mechanisms for this purpose. This research paves the way for developing a theory of social adaptation of migrants, for empirical research into migration processes in the post-Soviet space, and for a better understanding of the specific features of social adaptation of young people from Kyrgyzstan.

Ключевые слова:

адаптация адаптационный потенциал молодые мигранты кыргызстан adaptation adaptive potential young migrants kyrgyzstan

Авторы:

Осадчая Г.И., Киреев Е.Ю., Киселева Е.Е., Черникова А.А.

Рубрики:

Социология



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