Институт социологии
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Yanitsky, O.N. (2017). Current Globalization: A Challenge For The Humanities. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(12) 131-140.



Yanitsky, O.N. (2017). Current Globalization: A Challenge For The Humanities. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(12) 131-140.
ISSN 2055-0286
DOI 10.14738/assrj.412.3370

Размещена на сайте: 09.11.17

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Yanitsky, O.N. (2017). Current Globalization: A Challenge For The Humanities. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 4(12) 131-140.

Аннотация

Globalization and the New Technological revolution as its driving force challenge the humanities. The growing unfitness between a highly complex and risky globalization process and current short-term and monodisciplinary approach to the study of it is characteristic to the majority of the humanities. To my mind, new object of study, the sociobiotechnical systems (hereafter, the SBT-systems) have emerged in which social, biological and technical structures and processes are highly integrated by various metabolic processes. Therefore, dichotomy approaches like 'man—nature', 'rural— urban', 'we—they', 'here—there' are not fit to integrative character of globalization processes. This gap should be overcome by problem-oriented and interdisciplinary researches taking into account a global-local and multidisciplinary character of ongoing transformations. A view of an insider from any 'focal point' of globalization is as important as the study carried out by an outer observer. The recent development of humanitarian studies and its institutional structure should 'follow the actor' principle, be such actor a rank-and-file, a politician or a state. A 'humanities—technological innovation—social life' interactions should be studied at all levels of the SBT-system functioning and evolution. All in all, the humanities should be gradually modernized. THE ISSUE Globalization based on information-communication technologies (hereafter the IC-technologies) is the main challenge of our times. Initiating by the new stage of technological revolution, globalization process acquires a systemic character embracing all spheres of natural and social life. Actually, the globalization means the shaping of new mode of production and social order. In turn, these global systemic transformations generate an all-embracing cascade of changes in various spheres of economic, political and social life of the globe as well as of regions, cities, and local communities. The shift from the Second to the Third and now to the Fourth Technological Revolution will generate qualitatively new challenges for the humanities. There is a growing gap between majority of current concepts and field-researches in the humanities focussed on relatively stable structures and relationships and a highly complex, nonlinear and risky globalization process accompanied by the twists, bifurcations, and unintended consequences. Besides, due to the existing institutional and resource restrictions the majority of current research are mainly local (regional) and short-termed ones. In my view, an overall technological development outstrips its comprehension by the humanities and political regulation.

Ключевые слова:

epistemology digitalization globalization humanities problem-oriented and interdisciplinary approach metabolism method modernization technological revolution the sbt-system

Авторы:

Яницкий О.Н.

Рубрики:

Социология риска и катастроф



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