Институт социологии
Федерального научно-исследовательского социологического центра
Российской академии наук

Zubko A.V., Sabgaida T.P., Evdokushkina G.N., Kulikova V.A., Ivanova A.E. Life expectancy loss due to the COVID-19 pandemic exemplified by Moscow, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 31, Issue Supplement_3, October 2021, ckab165.051.



Zubko A.V., Sabgaida T.P., Evdokushkina G.N., Kulikova V.A., Ivanova A.E. Life expectancy loss due to the COVID-19 pandemic exemplified by Moscow, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 31, Issue Supplement_3, October 2021, ckab165.051.
DOI 10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.051
ISSN 1101-1262

Размещена на сайте: 17.03.22

Текст статьи на сайте журнала URL: https://academic.oup.com/eurpub/article/31/Supplement_3/ckab165.051/6406079 (дата обращения 17.03.2022)


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Ссылка при цитировании:

Zubko A.V., Sabgaida T.P., Evdokushkina G.N., Kulikova V.A., Ivanova A.E. Life expectancy loss due to the COVID-19 pandemic exemplified by Moscow, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 31, Issue Supplement_3, October 2021, ckab165.051.
DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.051
Zubko A.V., Sabgaida T.P., Evdokushkina G.N., Kulikova V.A., Ivanova A.E. Life expectancy loss due to the COVID-19 pandemic exemplified by Moscow, European Journal of Public Health, Volume 31, Issue Supplement_3, October 2021, ckab165.051, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckab165.051

Аннотация

There is high excess mortality against the background of the pandemic in Moscow (an increase of 36.2% against 18.1% on the national average). According to preliminary data, the loss of life expectancy is 3.1 years for Muscovites (from 78.9 years in 2019 to 76.2 years in 2020) and 1.9 years for the Russian population (from 73.4 to 71.5 years). As in other countries, elderly people suffering from chronic diseases were the most affected. The age-specific mortality rates in 2020 are significantly higher than those of 2019 in the age interval of 45 years and older as well as among children 10-14 years old and young people 25-29 years old. The maximum increase in mortality was recorded in age groups over 80 years old in males and 25-29 years in females. At the same time, infant mortality in Moscow has significantly decreased which is associated with a sharp decrease in the share of births among nonresidents (it exceeded a quarter of all births in the capital in 2019). The reduction in labor migration due to the closure of borders has led to a decrease in births among nonresidents. Using the decomposition method, it was shown that the greatest negative contribution to the loss of life expectancy in both sexes was made by mortality in the age group of 70-74 years which reduced life expectancy by 0.36 years for men and 0.27 years for women. Life expectancy decreased by 0.25 and 0.19 years due to death of men and women aged 75-79 years and by 0.09 and 0.02 years due to death of people aged 25-29 years. Reducing infant mortality yielded a life expectancy gain of 0.15 years for men and 0.11 years for women. These results changed the assessment of the significance of shifts in mortality in age groups. Analysis of changes in age-specific mortality and evaluation of its impact on changes in life expectancy shows different perspectives of the problem, which is important for making adequate decisions in health.

Ключевые слова:

ожидаемая продолжительность жизни смертность пандемия коронавируса москва life expectancy mortality coronavirus pandemic moscow

Авторы:

Зубко А.В., Сабгайда Т.П., Евдокушкина Г.Н., Куликова В.А., Иванова А.Е.

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