Институт социологии
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Rostovskaya T.K, Shabunova A.A, Knyazkova E.A, Afzali M. The abortion and contraceptive behavior: results of the all-Russian Research. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2022 May;30(3):415-422.



Rostovskaya T.K, Shabunova A.A, Knyazkova E.A, Afzali M. The abortion and contraceptive behavior: results of the all-Russian Research. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2022 May;30(3):415-422.
DOI 10.32687/0869-866X-2022-30-3-415-422
ISSN 0869-866X
РИНЦ: https://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?id=48611870

Размещена на сайте: 24.06.22

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Rostovskaya T.K, Shabunova A.A, Knyazkova E.A, Afzali M. The abortion and contraceptive behavior: results of the all-Russian Research. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2022 May;30(3):415-422.
DOI: 10.32687/0869-866X-2022-30-3-415-422
Rostovskaya T.K, Shabunova A.A, Knyazkova E.A, Afzali M. The abortion and contraceptive behavior: results of the all-Russian Research. Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med. 2022 May;30(3):415-422. doi: 10.32687/0869-866X-2022-30-3-415-422. PMID: 35670396.

Аннотация

The problem of abortion is actual in all spheres of public life. Despite the fact that in Russia, according to the Ministry of Health, the number of abortions has decreased by 30% over the past five years, there is demand from society and public authorities to strengthen the national demographic security, to search for corresponding reserves and to strengthen positive dynamics of demographic indices on permanent long-term basis. The abortions significantly and negatively affect birth rate and woman health. To make proper managerial decisions in this area requires analyzing such complex social phenomenon as abortion behavior and its alternatives, including contraceptive behavior based on family planning technologies.The purpose of study is to analyze characteristics of abortive and contraceptive behavior and their relationship with matrimonial and reproductive behavior in Russia to strengthen national demographic security.The official public data of Rosstat, Minzdrav of Russia, etc. was used. Also the data of the All-Russian sociological study “Demographic well-being of Russia” was attracted. The methodology included questionnaire survey in late 2019 - early 2020 carried out in 10 Subjects of the Russian Federation: Moscow, Republic of Bashkortostan, Republic of Tatarstan, Vologda Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, Ivanovo Oblast, etc. The total sampling consisted of 5 616 respondents. The study implemented such scientific research methods as: analysis, synthesis, generalization, statistical analysis, sociological analysis.The state policy implementation related to the decrees of the President of the Russian Federation “On measures to implement the Demographic Policy of the Russian Federation” (2012): “On national goals and strategic objectives of the development of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024” (2018, national project “Demography”), Government orders “On approval of the Concept of State family Policy in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025” (2014), “On the basics of State youth policy of the Russian Federation for the period up to 2025” (2014), etc. On national level, it resulted in decreasing of the number of abortions and increasing attention of society and the public authorities to problems of the family. in Russia, since 2007, the absolute number of abortions has been declining, and from 2015 to the present, the absolute number of abortions has decreased below the millionth value. The leaders in positive rate of abortions decreasing are the North Caucasus, the Central and Southern Federal Okrugs. The higher rates of abortions remain In the Far Eastern, Siberian and Ural Federal Okrugs. It is established that abortion and reproductive behavior depends on aging of motherhood, low contraceptive culture at early start of sexual life and various social economic factors. A significant part of Russian population is characterized by low awareness of reproduction issues and contraceptives. The study revealed certain relationship between contraceptive and matrimonial and reproductive behavior. The hypothesis was confirmed for the Republics of Bashkortostan and Tatarstan. The additional research in this area is required to identify effective measures to fully implement demographic potential of the Russian family. Even though the official statistics of Russia indicate positive trends in population abortion behavior, abortions make up significant part of reproductive losses. For majority of Russians, abortion remains acceptable mean of regulating childbearing. Russia has the highest rate of abortions in the age ranges of 30-34 and 35-39 years.In Russia, improvement of medical and contraceptive literacy and formation of responsible health self-attitude will increase quality of life, implement population's demographic potential and improve demographic security.

Ключевые слова:

demographic behavior demographic attitude reproductive behavior abortion behavior contraceptive behavior

Авторы:

Ростовская Т.К., Шабунова А.А., Князькова Е.А., Афзали М..

Рубрики:

Социология семьи



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