Институт социологии
Федерального научно-исследовательского социологического центра
Российской академии наук

Sustainable Professional Career in Science and Technology: Interdisciplinary Perspective and the Russian Context



Попова И.П.
Sustainable Professional Career in Science and Technology: Interdisciplinary Perspective and the Russian Context // Социология науки и технологий. 2018. Т. 9. № 1. С. 133-147.
ISSN 2079-0910

Размещена на сайте: 04.06.18

Текст статьи/выпуска на сайте журнала URL: http://sst.nw.ru/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/2018_1.pdf (дата обращения 04.06.2018)


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Попова И.П. Sustainable Professional Career in Science and Technology: Interdisciplinary Perspective and the Russian Context // Социология науки и технологий. 2018. Т. 9. № 1. С. 133-147.

Аннотация

We are faced with a contradiction in the approach to professional careers of scientists and engineers. On the one hand, we have an emerging environment, characterized by uncertainty, instability in regard to the status and the prospects of various groups employed in this sphere, growing mobility and diversity of career types, as well as bases for differentiation of their typology. On the other hand, the integrity and biography of a career as a process of accumulating knowledge, professional experience, resources of social networks and statuses remains an important requirement. And, from this viewpoint, it can only be long-term and consistent. Establishing a favorable professional environment remains the main task in resolving this contradiction. The impact of various external factors on professional careers, including the science and technology sector, is becoming an urgent problem within the framework of various concepts and disciplines. Conceptual accuracy and thoroughness in the examination of external career factors distinguishes primarily the approaches to social psychology, sociology, management and organizational studies. This allows us to pose the question of infrastructure of professional careers in the field of science and technology. The conceptual framework from the viewpoint of various disciplines enriches our perceptions of it. This presentation offers an attempt to raise the problem of interdisciplinary interaction in relation to the study of the potential for regulating professional careers in the field of science and technology. In the Russian context, its various aspects may need to be emphasized. We must take into account the specifics of the Russian situation, which during the recent decades was differentiated by the radical disruption of continuity, as well as the erosion of previous models of the work force regeneration in the field of science and technology; substantiation and establishment of new ones for more effective organization of activities in this field. In general, the analysis helps identify three levels of such infrastructure: a macro level (state policy in regard to science); middle level (on the level of a particular institution and organizations) and family level. This report utilizes data based on research projects supported by The Russian Foundation for Humanities grant № 16–03–50220)

Ключевые слова:

профессиональная карьера наука и технологии устойчивая карьера профессиональная ассоциация professional career science and technology sustainable career professional association

Рубрики:

Социология профессий и профессиональных групп
Социология науки



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