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Русинова Н. Л., Сафонов В. В.
Состояние здоровья в Европе и России: общественный контекст и социальные неравенства

DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/socjour.2014.20.4.235

Русинова Нина Львовна
Социологический институт РАН
зав. сектором социологии здоровья, кандидат экономических наук
Сафонов Вячеслав Владимирович
Социологический институт РАН
старший научный сотрудник

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Русинова Н. Л., Сафонов В. В. Состояние здоровья в Европе и России: общественный контекст и социальные неравенства // Социологический журнал. 2014. Том. 20. № 4. С. С. 19-43.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.19181/socjour.2014.20.4.235

Рубрика:

МАССОВЫЕ ОПРОСЫ, ЭКСПЕРИМЕНТЫ, МОНОГРАФИЧЕСКИЕ ИССЛЕДОВАНИЯ

Аннотация:

Статья посвящена различиям здоровья людей в странах Европы и выраженности в них социальных неравенств в данной сфере. Анализ данных Европейского социального исследования 2008 года (репрезентативные выборки населения 28 стран) и статистики Мирового банка и ВОЗ, проведенный с применением методов двухуровневого логистического моделирования, показывает, что в посткоммунистических странах здоровье населения, как правило, существенно хуже, чем в других частях континента. Причина этого — относительно невысокий уровень развития (экономики, социального государства, эффективности государственного управления) многих из этих стран, а также ослабление в них социальной интеграции. Показано также, что здоровье в Европе структурировано по демографическим и социальным признакам, и отчетливость такого структурирования зависит от макроконтекста — уровня развития страны. С его повышением социальные неравенства в здоровье начинают сглаживаться.

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